Roy Davidson, 7 December 2018


Meridian Energy (MEL) is New Zealand’s largest electricity generator and has a 100% renewable generation platform. It owns and operates New Zealand’s largest portfolio of hydro and wind generation assets and generates over 30% of New Zealand’s electricity from seven hydro and five wind facilities. MEL’s generation and retail portfolio is carefully managed to reduce earnings volatility that can arise from adverse hydrological conditions. MEL has over 270,000 customers across its two brands, Meridian and Powershop. The Crown retains 51% ownership of MEL.


Wholesale electricity pricing can be very volatile, as it is driven largely by the levels of (and flows into) the hydro dams. The New Zealand electricity market is dominated by a small number of integrated generator/retailers. While the generators sell most of their power into the grid and through the wholesale market, the price that they receive for their generation is not materially dependent on the relatively volatile wholesale price. This is because about 90% of their generation is hedged, either naturally via retail off-take agreements at fixed prices, or through financial hedge sales and contracts for differences.

In recent years, with a strong balance sheet, MEL has returned capital to shareholders via special dividends. At its latest result, with debt levels remaining comfortable, MEL announced an extension of its capital distribution policy with special dividends of 4.88 cents per share anticipated through to the end 2021, thereby boosting the returns shareholders receive.

The Electricity Authority is reviewing the rules that Transpower follows in setting the transmission pricing for the national electricity grid. One issue that has emerged in recent years is that power from North Island generators is often transferred across the Cook Strait HVDC link when South Island hydro lakes are at low levels. North Island generators pay nothing for using the link to send their power south, as all costs are allocated to South Island generators. One of the options outlined by the Authority is to change the pricing methodology to rectify this, which would see South Island electricity generators (like MEL) benefit strongly from much lower charges.

MEL is one of the better managed New Zealand electricity companies paying a sustainable dividend, supplemented by the multi-year capital return programme, while it has the lowest debt leverage in the sector. MEL remains a core holding for investors with a lower risk tolerance and/or income focus.

Risks to MEL include:

  1. regulatory change
  2. declining aggregate demand
  3. increased competition